Indian and British historians of both countries believe that the way to social progress in India was different compared to Europe. From the primitive communism to slavery, feudalism and from feudalism to capitalism in Europe the trend of social progress. Each time a change from one system to another extreme noise, great movement, has seen intense conflict and revolutionary thinking-work. But India did nothing. The walk was uneventful social. Walking behind the social stagnation rather than progress and obstacles taking the country and the painful cycle. British Indian society before being subdued Karl Marx said in a sharp, analytical writing- “So far as Hindustan civil war, invasion, occupation, or famine, revolution happened some impact, but not deeper than the surface. But England came form the devastated country was ransacked. Up to now we have not seen any signs of reconstruction. And still missing the old avenue and create a new world is-this is the secret of the Hindus, the current depression. Tradition or history of British rule in today’s Hindustan are cut off from all her past.”
The text of the top of the nationalist historians and writers can be enchanted. The British came to India to break the tradition of past civilization and feel proud that Indians kept up their busy thinking. But to their great differences with Marx. They do not want to understand the progress of the country and for the people in the countries-old system needed to be broken. British before being subdued, and the development or progression of the condition can be brought on behalf of the Indian society, there were very clear about what Marx. He writes- “The enormous power of the Mughal emperors struck raj representatives themselves. Raj representatives of the Marathas had the ability to break down again. Afghans struck again against the Marathas. So while everyone was busy fighting with each of them came to conquer the British left hurriedly. A country that was not the only Hindu-Muslim divides divide with one caste to another caste, with one tribe to another tribe. In a society where hate each other, and the difference in the structural hostility or maintain a system of equality was accidentable. What a country, a society of slavery was not inevitable? If we do not say anything about the past history of Hindustan, even a great and overwhelming truth is in front of us did not grow that Indians at the moment, with the Indian Army, India subservient to England? So India’s destiny was to be subjugated. In fact, the history of the country over the past one after another, occupation details.”
Many experts also studied the structure of Indian society. The decision as to the primitive communist society to slave-owning society was formed in Europe, but in India, a special kind of society was established. The society was formed in India in three “primary social organization” depends on it. There are: the joint family, caste and village society. Past Greece, Rome, or, like the Middle Ages, these three “primary social organization” existed in India through social oppression and economic exploitation comfortably. There was, however, one difference. Joint family, caste or village community, each member of the three measures stress by giving certain rights, exploitation had to hide. Iravati Karve renowned sociologist, says judge the progress of the Indian society- “The society gave autonomy to the fulfillment of such a system around a central power required very little supervision. Caste structure was like a cell. However, another caste members living with the other members of the exchange of letters, and debt payments would run. This work was carried out in the village and the space very effectively. Every village was a self-sufficient, independent and separate from each other intrinsic properties. It was specific relation to one caste to the other caste in the village. Through self-developed an amazing system was developed. As a result, a central monitoring were often not necessary and could continue to ignore any federal intervention. This was a local, and automatic control. The structure of the caste society was divided between those who were not involved in any conflict with each other to carry out surveillance. Some family members of any of the caste from the inside of that policy was to control the policy of the group would continue to govern. Local patriarchal or matriarchal family had in this policy, it is whether or not the joint. Living under the same roof as well as a neighbor living in a member or all members of the same group, which was determined by caste. The father of the family or the olds of that caste were remained the center of the power. One caste with another caste used to control villages.”
How is the creation of a society? To find the answer to all our new and old research articles published so far on this topic and to read the book. We are in the hands of experts, even to those who want to leave the danger of reading matter. We know now that we can erect a guess. That is: History crack of dawn, when the primitive communist society, class society was born and went down, and at any time, whether the creation of a society of slavery and feudalism was flexible enough to absorb that.
The initial phase of this new class of society in relation to the class showed similarities with the master slave relationship, but there was a material difference. With the gradual change in society began to be seen as the property of the land. Here, in Europe, in the Middle Ages, however, some differences were found on the property that had emerged. Here, too, the relationship between the new class and the serfs of medievel Europe, feudal society, the relationship between the similarities, but there were differences.
The progress of feudalism in India, where some elements of capitalist society began to appear, happened. But as in the past, the new system could not let the old society. The development of production technology or the introduction of money in society, such as relations of production in capitalist society could not accept the Indian society. The system was dismantled as a result of the emergency. That’s why the capitalist forces from outside the country is very fertile ground for their work was considered. The local powers was impossible to contain this force come from the outside.
Here is a concept referring to the pre-British Indian society is necessary. The idea that the Indian society was “irreversible”. It is certainly true that the caste system of village society or a joint family structure did not change anything. Seen from this point of view the society was ” irreversible”. But do not change the structure of the new relations of production, which despite technology to cope with the changes in the society was characteristic institutions. Relations of production and production technology constantly changes that took place with the idea of “irreversible” were the strengths and weaknesses of the society. The strength of the pre-British period despite the apparent freeze production technology and literature, science and culture as much progress occurred. In many cases, it was developed in medieval Europe or the equivalent. This weakness was that the new phases of human civilization, which was founded in Europe in the capitalism threw feudalism, did not accept in India. The new phase of the European representatives of the Asian countries including India, came to the force when the new production and technology in this society could not accept it.
They brought a revolutionary change in human history who came to India was confronted with a society who did not face before any movement or revolution. The new relations of production were to be applied gradually over several hundred centuries-old society, that could not accept. Early in the history of the “new society” was formed, which made this country different from other countries. The society Portuguese, Dutch, French or British trade had to push.