India’s socio-economic and cultural context of women’s movement and its relevance

On 4 December 1829, Raja Ram Mohan Roy took initiative to stop the practice of SATI officially with the aid of the British government. The historic moment in the life of the person behind the painful experience Ram Mohan what was written biography of the prominent Social Reformer. He writes, “primitive inhumane” practice a lot Ram Mohan tried to stop. But he cannot convince people who were infected with religious fanaticism by many associated with the request, solicitation, logic and the interpretation. Finally the terrible accident took place in the family of Ram Mohan. It was preparing to dying together of his sister-in-law based on “Sati” after the death of his younger brother. An innocent recent widow was raised on husband’s burning pyre. Ram Mohan could not save her using a lot of effort. But he appealed to the government to stop the cruel practice of animal like. By law, the British government stopped this practice.

We must not forget that it is a social crime “Sati” and everyone is equal before the law shall be guilty of that persuasion. So it is natural that they will be arrested or punished.

Who has been marked as international Women’s Year in 1975 and the World-wide Day has been observed especially. 

Unfortunately, the same thing has happened to Sati in northern India in that year. Indira Gandhi was the Prime Minister of the country. Despite being a female head of state had not proved that women are protected and safe. Behind this barbaric practices of worship were closed, rather than trying to keep alive.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy, once the reform movement, who moved to India. And this movement later change the socio-economic and political arrangement takes the form of nationalist movement. During a reformist movement, freedom movement and the Women’s Liberation Movement of the social movement made powerful. In many cases, any social reformer, looked down on political protests. On the other hand, political activists disagree with the Social Reformer did not have details of the women’s liberation movement, with neither of the two could not be matched.

Women’s self-identity and self-establishment of the society as a whole, this is a different trend was from. However, freedom movement, women’s liberation movement that had reached their peak intensity is there is nothing wrong in it. And what is even more optimistic. Various socialist, left-wings Indian revolutionary movement of the working class and democratic forces in the hands of the communists and upload them were included, the momentum came women’s liberation movement. As a result, there was organized by the women’s liberation movement of the working class, socialist and democratic movement has been regarded as an essential part. The two social movements in parallel to progress hand in hand with each other.

Ancient Hindu Scriptures were told that the woman did not anyone ever to be under to anybody. As a child, she will be to the Father. Youth to her husband. And the son of old age. The main reason for the announcement of the rights of women and girls to be deprived of property rights. Secondly, social and family life, and have not seen as equals with men, sex discrimination sustain. In terms of the social position of women in Hindu, maybe a little better than Muslim or Christian women. Because the constitution “minority rights” are the words that the legal recognition of women’s rights as there is no separate way. As a Muslim or Christian society girls blur places still have access to the family property. Although the property rights of Hindu women equal to men in terms of social class or family that the case can not be called.

Moreover, in order to thwart the law is so frequently. Taking dowry is an offense in the eyes of the law. But the law is still under the thumb of show is to take place in a marriage dowry. For the dowry “bride-killing” itself is not less than the record.

(Source: Selected Works, Vol I, E. M. S. Namabudripad)

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