According to censusindia total Number of Villages in India is 638,596, Number of inhabited villages 593,731 and Number of un-inhabited villages 44,865.
According to the 2011 Census of India 68.84% of Indians (around 833.1 million people) live in 640,867 different villages. The size of these villages varies considerably 236,004 Indian villages have a population of fewer than 500, while 3,976 villages have a population of 10,000+
There are 4,000 cities and towns in India. About 300 cities have population over 1,00,000. Seven cities have population more than 3 million.
The total cultivable area in India is 1,945,355 square km (56.78% of its total land area), which is shrinking due to population pressures and rapid urbanisation. India has a total water surface area of 360,400 square km.
India’s major mineral resources include Coal (4th largest reserves in the world), Iron ore, Manganese ore (7th largest reserve in the world as in 2013), Mica, Bauxite (5th largest reserve in the world as in 2013), Chromite, Natural gas, Diamonds, Limestone and Thorium (World’s largest along coast of Kerala shores). India’s oil reserves, found in Bombay High off the coast of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and in eastern Assam meet 25% of the country’s demand.
Income in India
India’s per capita income (nominal) was $ 1,497 in 2013, ranked at 120th out of 164 countries by the World Bank, while its per capita income on purchasing power parity (PPP) basis was US $ 5,350, and ranked 106th.
Expenditure on health care
In last fiscal by the Centre and state governments was 1.3 per cent of the GDP. As per world Health Statistics 2015, India’s per capita government expenditure on health in 2012 was $ 60, while the US spent $ 4,153.
Key Points of 2016-17 Union budget of India
10.6 billion rupees (US $ 160 million ) revenue loss through direct tax proposals, and 206.7 billion rupees (US $ 3.1 billion) revenue gain through indirect tax proposals. Revenue gain of 196 billion rupees (US $ 2.9 billion) in Union Budget 2016 proposals.
- 9 billion rupees (US $ 130 million) for a buffer stock of pulses.
- 777.83 billion rupees (US $ 11 billion) to the home ministry of which 674.08 billion rupees (US $ 10 billion ) is under non-plan and 99.75 billion rupees (US $ 1.5 billion) under plan heads.
- 360 billion rupees (US $ 5.3 billion) for agriculture and farmer welfare.
- 860 billion rupees (US $ 13 billion) towards rural developments.
- 3.21 lakh crore rupees (US $ 33 billion) for roads, railways, and other facilities.
- 210 billion rupees (US $ 3.1 billion) was allocated to the Urban Development Ministry, while Housing and Poverty Alleviation got 54 billion rupees (US $ 800 million).
Going through the above figures and data it has witnessed that per capita allocation in every month is around 2 lakh rupees whereas India’s recorded per capita income is around 7 thousand rupees per month. This is the great magic and tricky story of “trickling down economy”.